Our skin is our largest organ, which, due to the exposure of its surface, is constantly exposed to various environmental influences and numerous pathogens. Our skin is the first line of defense of our body, consisting of 3 parts: the subcutaneous tissue, the dermis and the top layer, the epidermis. Mechanical protection of the skin takes place in the dermis, where the hair follicles and sebaceous glands can be found. One of the most important purposes of the subcutaneous tissue is thermal insulation, this layer consists mainly of adipose tissues. The condition of our skin also faithfully reflects our health status. Many people do not know this, but most dermatological symptoms hint to internal diseases of the body. This is one of the reasons why regular dermatological consultations are recommended. The dermatology of our medical center consists of excellent specialists recognized for their work.
The purpose of the dermatological consultation:
The purpose of the dermatological consultation is to map out the individual skin problems, examine lesions and thoroughly inspect moles. During the examination, patients will be in the hands of our excellent, experienced dermatologists. In many cases, various skin lesions can indicate serious internal organ and even cancerous diseases, so it is especially important to take them seriously. A 6-monthly or yearly dermatological consultation is also recommended even if there are no complaints, with the aim of checking the moles. Regular inspections make it easy to discover possible changes.
Course of the examination:
Consultative examinations in dermatology, just as in all fields of expertise, begin with the admission of your anamnesis (medical history). It is important to look into previous skin diseases and to monitor diseases that run in your family, possible inherited skin diseases. After that, the mutated skin surface causing the complaint is examined. The specialist will first examine the area with the naked eye, then, if necessary, with the help of a dermatoscope (skin microscope).
In the case of mole screening, it is important to go over the whole body and inspect each mole separately. Therefore, it is also necessary to discover moles that may not be clearly visible, that are in hidden places.
After the examination, the dermatologist will make a diagnosis, recommend further treatment and, if necessary, recommend further examination. After the date and time agreed upon with the specialist, it is strongly recommended to take part in a dermatological check-up.
The most common complaints that dermatology deals with are:
• mole screening: self-examination is very important! Check your moles regularly, pay attention to minor changes, so that you will notice the differences as soon as possible. An annual or six-monthly screening, where the dermatologist looks at the moles one by one, is very important, so that possible lesions can be perfectly kept track of from time to time. Contact a specialist immediately if the mole is touch sensitive, painful, peeling, itchy, changes shape, color, symmetry or is possibly bleeding. Don’t forget that skin cancer is on the top of the list when it comes to the ranking of malignant cancers. Detecting a disease in time can, however, save your life!
• fungal, viral, or bacterial diseases, warts: These are very common infections that can appear on the skin or even on the nails. Since we usually wear closed, synthetic clothing, which favor the growth of fungi, this type of infection often causes unpleasant symptoms and can also lead to serious health complaints. Iron deficiency, obesity, diabetes, or excessive antibiotic use can also favor the growth of fungi. Infection can be completely cured with dermatological treatment, so when you are having complaints, you should immediately consult a specialist.
• acne, pimples: Acne, i.e. pimples, is the inflammation of the sebaceous glands, which most often occur on the face, back and shoulders, where there is a higher rate of sebum production. It is important that when treating acne, our specialists first look for the root cause. A lot of times this remains unfound. Nevertheless, treatment is recommended, since acne that heals with scars is very difficult to treat later on. In all cases, our dermatologists recommend personalized methods of treatment taking into account skin type, lifestyle, and symptoms.
• Chronic skin diseases (eczema, psoriasis): Eczema is one of the most common skin diseases. It typically occurs in the form of red, inflamed, peeling spots on the skin. It can cause severe itching and make the patient's life miserable. Psoriasis is also a common skin condition affecting both men and women. Usually it is genetic predisposition that plays part in the development of the disease, but this alone is not enough for the development of psoriasis, it also requires exposure to external environmental factors, which provoke the genetic predisposition. Although the disease is not yet curable, it can be made asymptomatic, so it is definitely worth consulting with a specialist.
• Allergology examination: during dermatological allergy testing, patches which are soaked with frequently occurring allergens are placed on the patient's skin and the skin’s reaction is examined in the 20th and 40th minute and then on the 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and 7th day. Thus, the doctor will get a complete picture of the substances that have an occurrent sensitive effect. With this test, allergens such as cosmetic fragrances, medicine, metals, or dyes can also be detected.
How should you arrive at the test?
Always come to dermatological consultations with clean skin, nails, and hair. If you have a complaint or a skin lesion, it is important that you do not treat it with any substances, medicine, or creams in the few hours prior to the consultation, so that the specialist can see the skin lesion in its true state. Dermatological consultation is completely painless. If possible growths need to be removed, it is always done under anesthesia.